Food Security

The growing global population presents the challenge of increasing food production and availability in a sustainable manner, while also ensuring adequate nutrition. Food security directly addresses SDG 2 but also contributes to health (SDG 3) and interacts with terrestrial and marine ecosystems (SDG 14 and 15) and sustainable production (SDG 12), and climate action (SDG 13).

Micro-organisms are involved in several aspects of food security. In plant agriculture they contribute to soil health, and can be used to increase yields and tackle pests and disease. They can be used to preserve foods through fermentation, and to create products such as bread and cheese, and to enhance the flavour and nutrition of foods. In the livestock industry, the gut microbiome can be targeted to increase feed efficiency and meat quality. Microbiology can contribute to food security and impact on several related SDGs.

UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to food security

UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to food security