Goal 3 is to “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”. Good health relates to success in several of the other goals, for example, reduced poverty (SDG 1) and clean water (SDG 6). Microbiology can contribute to improving health in numerous ways. As highlighted in our report, Unlocking the Microbiome, there is increasing evidence that the human microbiome, in particular the gut microbiome, is fundamental to good health and nutrition. Live bio-therapeutic products could be used to prevent and treat disease. In addition, micro-organisms can be pathogenic agents that cause infectious disease including flu, tuberculosis, and HIV. Microbiologists are responsible for developing vaccines, antimicrobials and other therapies to address these, as well as conducting research to better understand factors such as pathogenicity, immune response that might help prevent disease.
The threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been recognised globally – it is estimated that 10 million people per year will die due to antimicrobial resistance by 2050 if no urgent action is taken.
UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to health